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Turabian Citation Guide - University of Chicago Press

Date of publication: 2017-07-09 08:08

McGrath, Stacy. "Ecological Anthropology." Anthropological Theories: A Guide

Prepared by Students for Students. 69 Oct. 7556. U. of Alabama. 68 Jan. 7555


ASA Style Lite for Research Papers

Do not confuse Footnote and Endnote citations with explanatory Notes that some authors refer to as "Endnotes." These Notes are not considered to be citations but are used to add comments, explanations, or additional information relating to specific passages in the text.

Guide for Research Papers in Statistics - Janda

Note the different treatment of an editor's name depending on whether the editor takes the place of an author (second example) or is listed in addition to the author (third example). 

Turabian Footnote/Endnote Style | Georgetown University

Mary Douglas has analyzed the many facets and interpretations of taboos across

various cultures. She points out that the word "taboo" originates from the Polynesian

languages meaning a religious restriction. 8 She finds that "taboos flow from social

boundaries and support the social structure." 9

You can use footnotes and endnotes in documents to explain, comment on, or provide references to something mentioned in a document. Usually, footnotes appear at the bottom of the page and endnotes come at the end of the document or section.

Human beings are the sources of "all international politics" even though the holders of political power may change, this remains the same. 6

NOTE: Only one sentence is used in a Footnote or Endnote citation, ., only one period or full stop is used at the end of any Footnote or Endnote citation. In a Bibliography, each citation consists of a minimum of three statements or sentences, hence each entry requires a minimum of three periods, ., a period after the author statement, a period after the title statement, and a period after the publication statement (publication/publisher/publication date).

Chicago style formatting is widely used for academic papers, publications, and other documents. There are two Chicago formatting style types: Author-Date System, which is used for social and other sciences and Notes-Bibliography System, which is mostly used for arts, literature, and history.

Uncle Sam: Brief Guide to Citing Government Publications
The examples in this excellent guide from the University of Memphis are based on the Chicago Manual of Style and Kate Turabian's Manual.

Also pay attention to the linkage between the concepts in your theory and in the way you operationalize those concepts in formulating your hypotheses. Be careful not to throw away data by collapsing variables to do crosstabulations when they might more properly be analyzed instead through correlational and regression analysis. For example, the "thermometer" variables in the VOTE88 data are expressed from 5 to 655, while those in VOTE96 are collapsed into a few ordinal categories. So these VOTE88 variables make better quantitative dependent variables in regression analysis than the recoded variables in VOTE96.

Statistical tables should contain all the information that the reader needs to analyze the test. Your job as writer is to point out the key features of the analysis, not to repeat all the numbers in the tables. The data are in the table the text should be used to summarize its particulars. Example: "All but one of the correlations in Table 6 are in the expected direction and are statistically significant." Quote actual numbers only to emphasize special points: "Note that the correlation between GNP per capita and death in foreign wars is substantially lower than that between GNP and deaths in domestic violence."

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        6 Eric Pianin, "Use of Arsenic in Wood Products to End," Washington Post , February 68, 7557, final edition, in LexisNexis Academic (accessed June 77, 7559).

When studying at higher levels of school and throughout college, you will likely be asked to prepare research papers. A research paper can be used for exploring and identifying scientific, technical and social issues. If it's your first time writing a research paper, it may seem daunting, but with good organization and focus of mind, you can make the process easier on yourself. Writing a research paper involves four main stages: choosing a topic, researching your topic, making an outline, and doing the actual writing. The paper won't write itself, but by planning and preparing well, the writing practically falls into place. Also, try to avoid plagiarism.

Footnotes and Endnotes are used to give credit to sources of any material borrowed, summarized or paraphrased. They are intended to refer readers to the exact pages of the works listed in the Works Cited , References , or Bibliography section.

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